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Alamo History Chronology

  [ 1716 - 1813 ] - [1817 - 1835 ] [ 1836 - 1885 ] [ 1886 - 1912 ] [ 1912 - 2005 ]
Francisco Xavier Mina launches a military expedition against Mexico from Galveston Island.
Detail, Alamo church. Photograph by W. Eugene George.

The Champs d'Asile colony is organized on the Trinity River by French exiles, but is soon abandoned.
San Antonio is damaged by a flood of San Pedro Creek.

The Plan of Iguala assures Mexican independence. In July, San Antonio officials swear allegiance to the new, independent nation of Mexico.

Carrying out his father's plan, Stephen F. Austin brings his first colonists to Texas.

Agustín Iturbide abdicates as Emperor of Mexico. Mexican leaders soon begin work on a national constitution.
Under the new constitutional government, Coahuila y Texas becomes a single state, with the capital in Saltillo.
Texas becomes a department under state government, with a political chief residing in San Antonio.
The Republic of Fredonia is declared in Nacogdoches; failing to obtain broad support, its organizers flee Texas.

Detail, Alamo church. Photograph by W. Eugene GeorgeAlarmed by the growth in numbers of colonists from the United States, the Mexican government seeks to slow immigration into Texas from the north, while introducing more new residents from Mexico and Europe. On April 6, a law passed by the Mexican Congress prohibits settlement in Texas by immigrants from the United States, and cancels all colonization contracts. Although repealed in 1833, this article remains a sore point with the growing immigrant population.

June - The Turtle Bayou Resolutions are adopted by colonists, accusing the Mexican government of constitutional violations.

October - A convention meeting at San Felipe de Austin draws up a list of grievances against the government. San Antonio officials decline to participate, but leading citizens of the town later protest the colonization law.

A second convention at San Felipe de Austin proposes more changes in government; Stephen F. Austin presents its resolutions in Mexico. The government of new president Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna responds to the complaints, reorganizing local government and granting Texas greater representation in the state legislature.

Proclamation of Martin Perfecto de Cos.

- The refusal of Gonzales residents to return a cannon to the Mexican army leads to an exchange of gunfire. In response, Santa Anna sends troops under Martin Perfecto de Cos to San Antonio. The Alamo becomes part of the defenses of the city.


Led by Austin, an army of untrained and often unruly settlers "San Antonio & Its Environs, Taken from actual Survey. Illustrating the storming of the Town by the Texans under Col. Milam." from Henderson Yoakum, History of Texas, New York: Redfield, 1856, vol. ll. lay siege to the Mexican army, which held positions in the Alamo and the plazas of the town. The Texan forces were victorious in a skirmish near Concepción mission, and in the "Grass Fight," but the siege dragged on into November with no agreement on how to proceed. Called to serve as a commissioner to the United States, Austin leaves San Antonio in November, and opinion is divided on how to proceed until Ben Milam rallies the force to an attack on December 5. After five days of fighting, during which Milam is killed, the Battle of Bexar concludes with the surrender of Mexican forces. Cos agrees to withdraw to the south, leaving Texas under the control of the rebel army.

February 3 - William Barret Travis and a small group of reinforcements arrive at the Alamo, then under the command of James C. Neill.
Next -- (1836 - 1885)


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